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Antifungal photodynamic therapy

Donnelly, R. F., McCarron, Paul and Tunney, M. M. (2008) Antifungal photodynamic therapy. Microbiological research, 163 (1). pp. 1-12. [Journal article]

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Abstract

In photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT), a combination of a sensitising drug and visible light causes selective destruction of microbial cells. The ability of light-drug combinations to kilt microorganisms has been known for over 100 years. However, it is only recently with the beginning of the search for alternative treatments for antibiotic-resistant pathogens that the phenomenon has been investigated in detail. Numerous studies have shown PACT to be highly effective in the in vitro destruction of viruses and protozoa, as well as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Results of experimental investigations have demonstrated conclusively that both dermatomycetes and yeasts can be effectively killed by photodynamic action employing phenothiazinium, porphyrin and phthatocyanine photosensitisers. Importantly, considerable setectivity for fungi over human cells has been demonstrated, no reports of fungal resistance exist and the treatment is not associated with genotoxic or mutagenic effects to fungi or human cells. In spite of the success of cell culture investigations, only a very small number of in vivo animal. and human trials have been published. The present paper reviews the studies published to date on antifungal applications of PACT and aims to raise awareness of this area of research, which has the potential to make a significant impact in future treatment of fungal infections. (c) 2007 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences
ID Code:1129
Deposited By: Professor Paul McCarron
Deposited On:22 May 2017 14:43
Last Modified:22 May 2017 14:43

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