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Effectiveness of training on the community skills of children with intellectual disabilities

Drysdale, Jill, Casey, Jacqueline and Porter-Armstrong, Alison (2008) Effectiveness of training on the community skills of children with intellectual disabilities. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 15 (4). pp. 247-255. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1080/11038120802456136


Background: Children with intellectual disabilities often have difficulties in daily tasks, requiring training to increase functional independence. This study measured the effectiveness of community skills training in a telephone task and a shopping task, and examined if community-based training was more effective than classroom-based training. Materialmethods: A randomized control trial with 40 children aged 911 years was completed. Intervention groups attended an eightweek training programme; the control group received no treatment. One intervention group practised skills in local shops. All participants were assessed before and after treatment in a shopping task and telephone task, using task analysis methodology.Results: Data showed a highly statistically significant difference between intervention and control groups in the shopping task ( p0.007); however, there was no significant difference between classroom and classroom supplemented by community-based learning in the shopping task. There was no significant difference between the intervention and controlgroups in the telephone task. Conclusion: Results suggested that skills training was effective in one of the skill areas with this client group. Further research is required to determine if community-based training is more effective than classroom-based learning.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Community living skills training, occupational therapy, shopping skills, skills acquisition, task analysis, telephone calls
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Centre for Health and Rehabilitation Technologies
ID Code:12899
Deposited By: Dr Alison Porter-Armstrong
Deposited On:02 Apr 2010 09:06
Last Modified:28 Feb 2012 15:20

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