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The effect of 3D weaving and consolidation on carbon fiber tows, fabrics, and composites

Archer, E, Buchanan, S, McIlhagger, AT and Quinn, JP (2010) The effect of 3D weaving and consolidation on carbon fiber tows, fabrics, and composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29 (20). pp. 3162-3170. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1177/0731684410371405


This article investigates the damage imparted on load-bearing carbon fibers during the 3D weaving process and the subsequent compaction behavior of 3D woven textile preforms. The 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with few mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibers orientated in the warp, weft, and through-the-thickness directions. Tensile tests were conducted on three types of commercially available carbon fibers, 12k HTA, 6k HTS, and 3k HTS in an attempt to quantify the effect of fiber damage induced during the 3D weaving process on the mechanical and physical performance of the fiber tows in the woven composite. The tests were conducted on fiber tows sampled from different locations in the manufacturing process from the bobbin, through the creel and loom mechanism, to the final woven fabric. Mechanical and physical testing were then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture of two styles of 3D woven composite by vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VaRTM).

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Composites
ID Code:15171
Deposited By: Dr Edward Archer
Deposited On:12 Oct 2010 09:15
Last Modified:09 Dec 2015 10:50

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