Leslie, Julian, TIERNEY, KJ, ROBINSON, CP, Keenan, Mickey, WATT, A and BARNES, D (1993) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS. PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, 43 (1). pp. 153-161. [Journal article]
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Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Psychology Research Institute > Behavioural Neuroscience & Behavioural Analysis|
Psychology Research Institute
|Deposited By:||Mrs Fiona Harkin|
|Deposited On:||23 Dec 2009 09:35|
|Last Modified:||13 Mar 2012 16:33|
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