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Walking: the first steps in cardiovascular disease prevention

Murtagh, Elaine, Murphy, Marie and Boone-Heinonen, Janne (2010) Walking: the first steps in cardiovascular disease prevention. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 25 . pp. 490-496. [Journal article]

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Purpose of reviewHealth professionals are presented with the challenge of prescribing physical activitythat is likely to be sustained by the sedentary majority. Walking is eminently suited tophysical activity prescription for inactive individuals as it is accessible to men andwomen of all age and social groups and poses little risk of injury. This paper reviewsrecent evidence of the health benefits of walking and promotion of walking behavior.Recent findingsLarge observational studies consistently show associations between walking andcardiovascular disease endpoints over long periods of follow-up. Intervention studiesfurther support the health benefits of walking, showing improvements in clinicalbiomarkers and measures after shorter periods of follow-up. Walking appears to havecardiovascular disease-related health benefits in younger, middle, and older men andwomen, in both healthy and patient populations. Pedometer-based, mobile phonebased,and computer-based programs are effective in increasing walking levels.Neighborhood and workplace amenities and programs may be important supports forwalking behaviors.SummaryWalking has the potential to play a key role in the primary and secondary prevention ofcardiovascular disease. Clinicians can prescribe walking to assist patients meetphysical activity recommendations and help identify supports available to the patient.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Physical Activity and Health
ID Code:18835
Deposited By: Professor Marie Murphy
Deposited On:21 Jun 2011 08:11
Last Modified:08 Sep 2011 15:15

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