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Reconciling the differences between the King et al. (1998) and Simms et al. (2002) factor models of PTSD

Shevlin, Mark, McBride, Orla, Armour, Cherie and Adamson, Gary (2009) Reconciling the differences between the King et al. (1998) and Simms et al. (2002) factor models of PTSD. JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS, 23 (7). pp. 995-1001. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.07.001


Much of the debate surrounding the dimensionality of PTSD relates to three specific Hyperarousal symptoms (D1-D3) and whether they are appropriate indicators of one of two broad constructs that constitute PTSD: Dysphoria or Hyperarousal. This study addressed this issue by testing a series of confirmatory factor models to determine which factor, or factors, these symptoms measured the strongest. Data from individuals who satisfied the conditions for Criterion A of the diagnostic criteria for a DSM-I diagnosis of PTSD (n = 12,467) in the 2004-2005 NESARC were used in the analysis. The results revealed that the D1-D3 symptoms were not clear indicators of either factor, but measured both Dysphoria and Hyperarousal. Two symptoms, however, loaded more highly on the Dysphoria, rather than Hyperarousal, factor. The present findings lend support to the factor model proposed by Simms et al. [Simms, L.J., Watson, D., & Doebbeling, B. N. (2002). Confirmatory factor analyses of posttraumatic stress symptoms in deployed and non-deployed veterans of the Gulf War. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 637-647] but also question the use of symptoms that are not unique indicators of specific factors. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Health and Wellbeing
ID Code:1987
Deposited By: Mrs Fiona Harkin
Deposited On:14 Dec 2009 14:52
Last Modified:29 May 2013 13:22

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