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An investigation into thermoplastic matrix 3D woven carbon fibre composites

Archer, E, Mulligan, R, Dixon, D, Buchanan, S, Stewart, G and McIlhagger, AT (2012) An investigation into thermoplastic matrix 3D woven carbon fibre composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 31 (13). pp. 863-873. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1177/0731684412449065


3D woven textile reinforced composites allow the optimisation and tailoring of specific material properties into the final component. The objective of this work is to investigate the processing characteristics of Cyclic Butylene Terephthalate (CBT) (supplied by Cyclics Corporation) which polymerises to form a thermoplastic, Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT), and to impregnate a multi-layer carbon fibre 3D woven angle interlock fabric to produce a 3D woven thermoplastic composite. Through adjustments in process cycle, the significant processing parameters have been identified which optimise the production of thermoplastic PBT composite parts. 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a modified textile loom to produce fabrics with fibres orientated in the warp, weft and through-the-thickness directions. Thermal and mechanical tests were conducted on the thermoplastic composite and comparisons were made to an epoxy composite with the same weave architecture. It was discovered from thermal analysis and optical microscopy that a highly crystalline matrix was developed as a result of the standard fabrication process with microcracks formed throughout the matrix. Reprocessing and annealing of the 3DCFCBT laminate reduced the crystallinity of the polymer structure.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Composites
ID Code:22887
Deposited By: Dr Edward Archer
Deposited On:07 Aug 2012 10:44
Last Modified:07 Aug 2012 10:44

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