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The Dugbe virus ovarian tumour (OTU) domain interferes with ubiquitin/ISG15-regulated innate immune cell signalling

Bakshi, Siddharth, Holzer, Barbara, Bridgen, Anne, McMullan, Geoffrey, Quinn, Daniel and Baron, Michael D (2013) The Dugbe virus ovarian tumour (OTU) domain interferes with ubiquitin/ISG15-regulated innate immune cell signalling. Journal of General Virology, 94 . pp. 298-307. [Journal article]

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URL: http://vir.sgmjournals.org/content/early/2012/11/08/vir.0.048322-0.abstract

DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.048322-0

Abstract

The ovarian tumour (OTU) domain of the nairovirus L protein has been shown to remove ubiquitin and interferon-stimulated gene 15 protein (ISG15) from host cell proteins, which is expected to have multiple effects on cell signalling pathways. We have confirmed that the OTU domain from the L protein of the apathogenic nairovirus Dugbe virus has deubiquitinating and deISGylating activity and shown that, when expressed in cells, is highly effective at blocking the TNFα/NF-κB and interferon/JAK/STAT signalling pathways even at low doses. Point mutations of the catalytic site of the OTU [C40A, H151A and a double mutant] both abolished the ability of the OTU domain to deubiquitinate and deISGylate proteins and greatly reduced its effect on cell signalling pathways, confirming that it is this enzymatic activity that is responsible for blocking the two signalling pathways. Expression of the inactive mutants at high levels could still block signalling, suggesting that the viral OTU can still bind to its substrate even when mutated at its catalytic site. The nairovirus L protein is a very large protein that is normally confined to the cytoplasm, where the virus replicates. When the OTU domain was prevented from entering the nucleus by expressing it as part of the N-terminal 205kDa of the viral L protein, it continued to block type 1 interferon signalling, but no longer blocked the TNFα-induced activation of NF-κB.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:24143
Deposited By: Professor Geoffrey McMullan
Deposited On:13 Mar 2013 10:52
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 10:52

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