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Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization

Czyż, S.H, Breslin, Gavin, Kwon, O, Mazur, M, Kobiałka, K and Pizlo, Z (2013) Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45 (2). pp. 139-152. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1080/00222895.2013.763763

Abstract

It has been claimed that an especial skill emerges after massive amounts of basketball practice. Despite this no direct evidence is available to support this claim. The authors aimed to shed light on this question. Thirty-seven male basketball players took part representing four groups: 2 groups of senior players, a cadet group, and a group of juniors. Players performed free throw shots from 7 distances including shots from the free throw line (15 ft). It was shown that an especial skill was present in senior players, but not in junior players who had only 3 years of playing experience. The authors present a descriptive model of especial skill and express it using the formalism of a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the data and estimate the parameters. This model can account not only for the results, which indicate the presence and a substantial degree of generalizability of especial skill to nearby distances, but also for results of the original study on especial skill where it was proposed that specificity in practice leads to the emergence of the especial skill.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:25938
Deposited By: Miss Aideen Reilly
Deposited On:02 May 2013 08:48
Last Modified:02 May 2013 08:48

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