Ulster University Logo

A new projection of sea level change in response to collapse of marine sectors of the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Gomez, Natalya, Mitrovica, Jerry X., Tamisiea, Mark E. and Clark, Peter U (2010) A new projection of sea level change in response to collapse of marine sectors of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 180 (2). pp. 623-634. [Journal article]

Full text not available from this repository.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04419.x

Abstract

We present gravitationally self-consistent predictions of sea level change that would follow the disappearance of either the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) or marine sectors of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS). Our predictions are based on a state-of-the-art pseudo-spectral sea level algorithm that incorporates deformational, gravitational and rotational effects on sea level, as well as the migration of shorelines due to both local sea-level variations and changes in the extent of marine-based ice cover. If we define the effective eustatic value (EEV) as the geographically uniform rise in sea level once all marine-based sectors have been filled with water, then we find that some locations can experience a sea level rise that is ∼40 per cent higher than the EEV. This enhancement is due to the migration of water away from the zone of melting in response to the loss of gravitational attraction towards the ice sheet (load self-attraction), the expulsion of water from marine areas as these regions rebound due to the unloading, and the feedback into sea level of a contemporaneous perturbation in Earth rotation. In the WAIS case, this peak enhancement is twice the value predicted in a previous projection that did not include expulsion of water from exposed marine-sectors of the West Antarctic or rotational feedback. The peak enhancements occur over the coasts of the United States and in the Indian Ocean in the WAIS melt scenario, and over the south Atlantic and northwest Pacific in the EAIS scenario. We conclude that accurate projections of the sea level hazard associated with ongoing global warming should be based on a theory that includes the complete suite of physical processes described above.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Geography and Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Environmental Sciences Research Institute > Quaternary Environmental Change
Environmental Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:27131
Deposited By: Mrs Linda Allen
Deposited On:29 Sep 2013 08:34
Last Modified:29 Sep 2013 08:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page