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Distributed energy balance modeling of South Cascade Glacier, Washington and assessment of model uncertainty

Anslow, Faron S., Hostetler, Steven, Bidlake, William R. and Clark, Peter U. (2008) Distributed energy balance modeling of South Cascade Glacier, Washington and assessment of model uncertainty. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, 113 (F2). F02019. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1029/2007JF000850


We have developed a physically based, distributed surface energy balance model to simulate glacier mass balance under meteorological and climatological forcing. Here we apply the model to estimate summer ablation on South Cascade Glacier, Washington, for the 2004 and 2005 mass balance seasons. To arrive at optimal mass balance simulations, we investigate and quantify model uncertainty associated with selecting from a range of physical parameter values that are not commonly measured in glaciological mass balance field studies. We optimize the performance of the model by varying values for atmospheric transmissivity, the albedo of surrounding topography, precipitation-elevation lapse rate, surface roughness for turbulent exchange of momentum, and snow albedo aging coefficient. Of these the snow aging parameter and precipitation lapse rates have the greatest influence on the modeled ablation. We examined model sensitivity to varying parameters by performing an additional 103 realizations with parameters randomly chosen over a ±5% range centered about the optimum values. The best fit suite of model parameters yielded a net balance of −1.69 ± 0.38 m water equivalent (WE) for the 2004 water year and −2.10 ± 0.30 m WE up to 11 September 2005. The 2004 result is within 3% of the measured value. These simulations account for 91% and 93% of the variance in measured ablation for the respective years.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:glaciology; modeling; climate
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Geography and Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Environmental Sciences Research Institute > Quaternary Environmental Change
Environmental Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:27143
Deposited By: Mrs Linda Allen
Deposited On:29 Sep 2013 08:42
Last Modified:29 Sep 2013 08:42

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