Kerr, Barry D, Irwin, Nigel, O'Harte, Finbarr, Bailey, Clifford J, Flatt, Peter and Gault, Victor (2009) Fatty acid derivatised analogues of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide with improved antihyperglycaemic and insulinotropic properties. BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY, 78 (8). pp. 1008-1016. [Journal article]
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C-terminal acylation of Lys(37) with myristic (MYR; tetradecanoic acid), palmitic (PAL; hexadecanoic acid) and stearic (octadecanoic acid) fatty acids with or without N-terminal acetylation was employed to develop long-acting analogues of the glucoregulatory hormone, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). All GIP analogues exhibited resistance to dipeptidylpeptidase-IV (DPP-IV) and significantly improved in vitro cAMP production and insulin secretion. Administration of GIP analogues to ob/ob mice significantly lowered plasma glucose-GIP(Lys(37)MYR), N-AcGIP(Lys(37)MYR) and GIP(Lys(37)PAL) increased plasma insulin concentrations. GIP(Lys(37)MYR) and N-AcGIP(Lys(37)MYR) elicited protracted glucose-lowering effects when administered 24 h prior to an intraperitoneal glucose load. Daily administration of GIP(Lys(37)MYR) and N-AcGIP(Lys(37)MYR) to ob/ob mice for 24 days decreased glucose and significantly improved plasma insulin, glucose tolerance and beta-cell glucose responsiveness. Insulin sensitivity, pancreatic insulin content and triglyceride levels were not changed. These data demonstrate that C-terminal acylation particularly with myristic acid provides a class of stable, longer-acting forms of GIP for further evaluation in diabetes therapy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
|Deposited By:||Professor Peter Flatt|
|Deposited On:||16 Dec 2009 09:44|
|Last Modified:||19 Nov 2012 15:52|
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