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Study and application of a regenerative Stirling cogeneration device based on biomass combustion

Renzi, Massimiliano and Brandoni, Caterina (2014) Study and application of a regenerative Stirling cogeneration device based on biomass combustion. Applied Thermal Engineering, 67 (1-2). pp. 341-351. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.03.045

Abstract

Fuelling micro-combined heat and power (micro-CHP) devices using renewable sources, such as biogas, can enhance the energy and environmental benefits associated with such devices. This paper presents a solution for increasing the electric efficiency of biogas-fed Stirling co-generators by recuperating the energy content of the combustion flue gas. When economically and energetically convenient for micro-CHP operation, the exhausts can be used to pre-heat fresh combustion air. It was assessed that, due to the introduction of a spiral gas-gas heat exchanger, whose main design parameters were identified, the electric efficiency of the Stirling unit can be raised to up to 22.5%. To determine the advantages of applying the system analysed over a traditional Stirling device, a specific algorithm for the optimal management of the micro-CHP unit was built and applied to a residential case study. The results demonstrate that the extra cost of the high-efficiency recuperator can be easily recovered in approximately two years of system operation, providing an additional advantage over a standard Stirling device in terms of primary energy consumption and an approximately 6% increase in economic savings.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (CST)
ID Code:29203
Deposited By: Dr Caterina Brandoni
Deposited On:09 Apr 2014 11:24
Last Modified:17 Jul 2014 11:42

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