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Life-cycle greenhouse gas analysis of LNG as a heavy vehicle fuel in Europe

Arteconi, Alessia, Brandoni, Caterina, Evangelista, Dario and Polonara, Fabio (2009) Life-cycle greenhouse gas analysis of LNG as a heavy vehicle fuel in Europe. Applied Energy, 87 (3). pp. 2005-2013. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.11.012

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare the life cycle, in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, of diesel and liquefied natural gas (LNG) used as fuels for heavy-duty vehicles in the European market (EU-15). A literature review revealed that the numerous studies conducted have reported different results when the authors departed from different baseline assumptions and reference scenarios. For our study, we concentrated on the European scenario and on heavy-duty road transport vehicles, given their important incidence on the global emissions of GHG. Two possible LNG procurement strategies were considered i.e. purchasing it directly from the regasification terminal (LNG-TER) or producing LNG locally (at the service station) with small-scale plants (LNG-SSL). We ascertained that the use of LNG-TER enables a 10% reduction in GHG emissions by comparison with diesel, while the emissions resulting from the LNG-SSL solution are comparable with those of diesel.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (CST)
ID Code:29336
Deposited By: Dr Caterina Brandoni
Deposited On:08 May 2014 12:21
Last Modified:08 May 2014 12:21

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