Ulster University Logo

Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships

Boyd, Stephen and Singh, Shalini (2003) Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. In: Tourism in Host Communities. (Eds: Timothy, Dallen, Singh, Shalini and Dowling, Ross), CABI, Wallingford, pp. 19-36. ISBN 0-85199-611-6 [Book section]

Full text not available from this repository.


This chapter was requested by the editors. The chapter sets out to address three aspects. First, a range of definitions of 'community' are presented along with the extant literature on each, these were geographical and socio-anthropological thinking on the term. Second, a typology of community characteristics is developed that includes type of community in terms of setting and scale and the extent to which there is a high degree of homogeneity or heterogeneity present. The third element of the chapter explores the relationships that can exist between tourism/tourists and communities. This is set out in the form of game theory where there are four possible outcomes; win-win, win-lose, lose-win, or lose-lose. Each of these scenarios is represented in real-life case examples, Uluru and its community (win-win), Bermuda and its restrictive tourism policy to keep numbers low (win-lose), Atlantic City development of gaming (lose-win), and the unrestricted 3s tourism development in Benidorm (lose-lose).

Item Type:Book section
Faculties and Schools:Ulster Business School > Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Ulster Business School
ID Code:29620
Deposited By: Professor Stephen Boyd
Deposited On:30 Jun 2014 12:46
Last Modified:30 Jun 2014 12:46

Repository Staff Only: item control page