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The relationships between driver clubhead presentation characteristics, ball launch conditions and golf shot outcomes

Betzler, Nils F, Monk, Stuart A, Wallace, Eric S and Otto, Steve R (2014) The relationships between driver clubhead presentation characteristics, ball launch conditions and golf shot outcomes. Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 228 (4). pp. 242-249. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1177/1754337114541884


The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of clubhead presentation on golf ball launch conditions and the subsequent shot outcome. Clubhead presentation was measured using a three-dimensional motion capture system for both male and female golfers across a range of skill levels. A Doppler radar was used to track the golf ball during its flight, yielding speed, launch angles, spin rate and distance. Importantly, the measurements of clubhead and ball quantities were taken independently so that any inter-relationships could be evaluated without recourse to any preconceived models. This article provides values for the median launch conditions and shot outcome, and the associated variability in these quantities for golfers was grouped by handicap category and gender. It was shown that the variability in certain outcome quantities was more linked to golfing ability than others. Linear regression was used to demonstrate that differences inclubhead presentation resulted in changes to ball launch conditions as one might expect from physical analysis. Furthermore, the link between the variability in clubhead presentation and the variability in shot outcome was demonstrated. In particular, the importance of impact location variability in determining launch angle and total distance variability was shown.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Golf, launch conditions, clubhead speed, club path, impact location, impact position, shot outcome, driving distance, variability
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:29890
Deposited By: Mrs Julie Haydock
Deposited On:13 Aug 2014 11:28
Last Modified:16 Mar 2017 09:58

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