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Comparison of Refractive Error Measures by the IRX3 Aberrometer and Autorefraction.

McCullough, Sara, Little, Julie-Anne, Breslin, Karen and Saunders, Kathryn (2014) Comparison of Refractive Error Measures by the IRX3 Aberrometer and Autorefraction. Optometry and Vision Science, 91 (10). [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000379


PURPOSE: To compare the aberrometry-derived refractive error measurements from the IRX3 aberrometer (Imagine Eyes, Orsay, France) with a standardized measure of refractive error from the Shin-Nippon SRW-5000 (Japan) autorefractor in a large sample of school-aged children.METHODS: Participants were a subgroup of children from the Northern Ireland Childhood Errors of Refraction Study phase 2 (n = 161 9 to 10 years; n = 147 15 to 16 years). Refractive error was measured under cycloplegia (1.0% cyclopentolate HCl) with the IRX3 aberrometer followed by measurement with the Shin-Nippon autorefractor. Mean differences and 95% confidence intervals and limits of agreement were calculated for refractive vector components (M, J0, and J45).RESULTS: Participants had a wide range of refractive error ranging from -6.00 to +8.00 diopters (D) spherical equivalent refraction. Fixed measurement biases (±95% confidence interval) between instruments were small for both groups (9- to 10-year-olds: M, -0.20 ± 0.65 D; J0, -0.005 D; J45, 0.05 D; 15- to 16-year-olds: M, 0.03 ± 0.61 D; J0, -0.04 D; J45, -0.02 D). Statistically significant differences were found between instruments for M and J45 for the 9- to 10-year-old group (p < 0.0001) and for J0 for the 15- to 16-year-old group (p = 0.003). A statistically significant proportional measurement bias was found for the cylindrical components J0 and J45 for both groups (p < 0.0001), but no statistically significant proportional bias was found for M for either group.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore refractive error measurements from the IRX3 aberrometer in children. The differences between instruments for all refractive components (M, J0, and J45) were small for both groups (<0.25 D) and may not be considered clinically meaningful. Levels of agreement were also comparable to other studies investigating the validity of instruments measuring automated refraction in both adults and children. The results would suggest that these objective techniques produce similar results for assessment of refractive error in children.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Optometry and Vision Science
ID Code:30143
Deposited By: Dr Julie-Anne Little
Deposited On:16 Sep 2014 09:03
Last Modified:21 Aug 2015 10:27

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