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War, disenfranchisement and the fall of the ancient Athenian democracy

Tridimas, George (2015) War, disenfranchisement and the fall of the ancient Athenian democracy. European Journal of Political Economy, 31 . [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0176268015000038

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2015.01.002

Abstract

The ancient Athenian democracy emerged in 508 (all dates BCE), became a dominant naval power, fought a multitude of external wars and ended in 322 after it was defeated by Macedon and was replaced by oligarchy. The paper employs a political economy framework to examine the demise of democracy. It illustrates that war was a means of redistribution, benefiting the majority of poorer Athenians at the expense of the rich elite, who bore a disproportionate burden of its cost. A model of conflict is set up to study the incentives of the poor majority to go to war. Analyzing a dynamic setting it also investigates the circumstances when after defeating Athens her enemy chooses to impose oligarchy that disenfranchises the poor. As victory at war is probabilistic it is concluded that the fall of the democracy was neither avoidable nor inevitable.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Democracy; Ancient Athens; redistribution; conflict; disenfranchisement
Faculties and Schools:Ulster Business School > Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics
Ulster Business School
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute for Research in Social Sciences > Social Work & Social Policy
Institute for Research in Social Sciences
ID Code:30940
Deposited By: Professor George Tridimas
Deposited On:03 Feb 2015 09:17
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:17

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