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Drug-induced desensitization of insulinotropic actions of sulfonylureas

Ball, AJ, McCluskey, Janie, Flatt, Peter and McClenaghan, Neville (2000) Drug-induced desensitization of insulinotropic actions of sulfonylureas. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 271 (1). pp. 234-239. [Journal article]

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K-ATP-channel-dependent and K-ATP-channel-independent insulin-releasing actions of the sulfonylurea, tolbutamide, mere examined in the clonal BRIN-BD11 cell line. Tolbutamide stimulated insulin release at both nonstimulatory (1.1 mM) and stimulatory (16.7 mM) glucose. Under depolarizing conditions (16.7 mM glucose plus 30 mM KCl) tolbutamide evoked a stepwise K-ATP channel-independent insulinotropic response. Culture (18 h) with tolbutamide or the guanidine derivative BTS 67 582 (100 mu M) markedly reduced (P < 0.001) subsequent responsiveness to acute challenge with tolbutamide, glibenclamide, and BTS 67 582 but not the imidazoline drug, efaroxan. Conversely, 18 h culture with efaroxan reduced (P < 0.001) subsequent insulinotropic effects of efaroxan but not that of tolbutamide, glibenclamide, or BTS 67 582. Culture (18 h) with tolbutamide reduced the K-ATP channel-independent actions of both tolbutamide and glibenclamide. Whereas culture with efaroxan exerted no effect on the K-ATP channel-independent actions of sulfonylureas, BTS 67 582 abolished the response of tolbutamide and inhibited that of glibenclamide. These data demonstrate that prolonged exposure to tolbutamide desensitizes both K-ATP-channel-dependent and -independent insulin-secretory actions of sulfonylureas, indicating synergistic pathways mediated by common sulfonylurea binding site(s). (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
ID Code:3097
Deposited By: Professor Peter Flatt
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 16:23
Last Modified:22 Jun 2011 13:54

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