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Magainin-related peptides stimulate insulin-release and improve glucose tolerance in high fat fed mice

Ojo, Opeolu, Srinivasan, DK, Owolabi, BO, Flatt, Peter and Abdel-Wahab, Yasser (2014) Magainin-related peptides stimulate insulin-release and improve glucose tolerance in high fat fed mice. Protein and Peptide Letters, 22 (3). pp. 256-263. [Journal article]

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Earlier peptidomic analysis of the skin secretion of Xenopus amieti led to the identification of orthologs of magainins and other peptides. This study investigated the degradation, in vitro insulin-releasing and acute metabolic effects of magainin-AM1 (GIKEFAHSLGKFG KAFVGGILNQ) and magainin-AM2 (GVSKILHSAGKFGKAFLGEIMKS). Plasma degradation was investigated using reversed-phase HPLC and MALDI-TOF mass spectroscopy. Insulin-releasing effects were determined using BRIN-BD11 clonal beta cells and mouse islets. Effects of magainin peptides on cytosolic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase release, membrane potential and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration were assessed using BRIN-BD11 cells while their in vivo effects on glucose tolerance and insulin release were assessed in obese, insulin-resistant Swiss National Institute of Health (NIH) mice. Both peptides were resistant to degradation by plasma enzymes in vitro for up to 8 h. Though magainin-AM1 elicited non-toxic, concentration-dependent stimulation of insulin-release from clonal BRINBD11 cells at concentrations ≥ 100nM, magainin-AM2 produced a higher stimulation of insulin-release from BRIN-BD11 cells and isolated mouse islets. Membrane depolarization and intracellular [Ca(2+)]i in BRIN-BD11 cells were significantly (P<0.05) induced by both peptides and chelation of extracellular Ca(2+), addition of diazoxide or verapamil significantly (P<0.01) reduced the insulinotropic actions of the peptides. Administration of magainin-AM2 (75 nmol/kg body weight) to high-fat fed mice significantly enhanced insulin-release (P<0.01) and improved glucose tolerance (P<0.05). These data indicate magainin-AM2 peptides have potential for development into agents for treatment of type 2 diabetes

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Cytokine; Toxicity; 1.1B4; Insulin secretion
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
ID Code:31112
Deposited By: Dr Nigel Irwin
Deposited On:24 Mar 2015 10:24
Last Modified:29 May 2017 13:57

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