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Sequential induction of beta cell rest and stimulation using stable GIP inhibitor and GLP-1 mimetic peptides improves metabolic control in C57BL/KsJ db/db mice.

Pathak, V, Vasu, Srividya, Gault, Victor, Flatt, Peter and Irwin, Nigel (2015) Sequential induction of beta cell rest and stimulation using stable GIP inhibitor and GLP-1 mimetic peptides improves metabolic control in C57BL/KsJ db/db mice. Diabetologia, 58 ((9)). pp. 2144-2153. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1007/s00125-015-3653-1

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] has been characterised as a fatty-acid-derived gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) inhibitor that can induce pancreatic beta cell rest by diminishing the incretin effect. We investigated its therapeutic efficacy with and without the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) beta cell cytotropic agent liraglutide.METHODS: The therapeutic efficacy of GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] alone, and in combination with liraglutide, was determined in C57BL/KsJ db/db mice using a sequential 12 h administration schedule.RESULTS: GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] was devoid of cAMP-generating or insulin-secretory activity, and inhibited GIP-induced cAMP production and insulin secretion. GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] also inhibited GIP-induced glucose-lowering and insulin-releasing actions in mice. Dose- and time-dependent studies in mice revealed that 2.5 nmol/kg GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal], and 0.25 nmol/kg liraglutide, imparted distinct biological effects for 8-12 h post administration. When GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] (2.5 nmol/kg) and liraglutide (0.25 nmol/kg) were administered sequentially at 12 h intervals (at 08:00 and 20:00 hours) to db/db mice for 28 days, mice treated with GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] (08:00 hours) and liraglutide (20:00 hours) displayed pronounced reductions in circulating glucose and insulin. Both oral and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance and glucose-stimulated plasma insulin concentrations were improved together with enhanced insulin sensitivity. The expression of genes involved in adipocyte lipid deposition was generally decreased. The other treatment modalities, including GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] (08:00 and 20:00 hours), liraglutide (08:00 and 20:00 hours) and liraglutide (08:00 hours) combined with GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] (20:00 hours), also imparted beneficial effects but these were not as prominent as those of GIP(6-30)Cex-K(40)[Pal] (08:00 hours) and liraglutide (20:00 hours).CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: These data demonstrate that periods of beta cell rest combined with intervals of beta cell stimulation benefit diabetes control and should be further evaluated as a potential treatment option for type 2 diabetes.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:db/db mice – Diabetes – GIP – GLP-1 – Glucose homeostasis – Insulin secretion – Obesity
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
ID Code:32291
Deposited By: Dr Nigel Irwin
Deposited On:22 Sep 2015 08:11
Last Modified:22 Sep 2015 08:11

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