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Accommodation deficit in children with Down syndrome: Practical considerations for the Optometrist.

Little, Julie-Anne (2015) Accommodation deficit in children with Down syndrome: Practical considerations for the Optometrist. Clinical Optometry, 7 . pp. 81-89. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.dovepress.com/clinical-optometry-journal

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTO.S63351

Abstract

Down syndrome is the most common cause of intellectual impairment, and life expectancy in this group has increased in recent decades, meaning that health care is increasingly focused on quality of life and the management of treatable illnesses. There are frequent problems associated with vision in Down syndrome, including refractive errors, strabismus, reduced vision, and reduced accommodative ability. This review will discuss the importance of accommodative ability; describe the prevalence and nature of accommodative deficits in Down syndrome, which are found in approximately 55%–76% of individuals; discuss the management of this deficit with the prescription of bifocal correction; and summarize the possible etiologies of hypoaccommodation in Down syndrome. Finally, the review will consider practical considerations for the optometrist managing accommodative deficits in patients with Down syndrome.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Down syndrome, accommodation, accommodative deficits, dynamic retinoscopy, bifocals, refractive error
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Optometry and Vision Science
ID Code:32543
Deposited By: Dr Julie-Anne Little
Deposited On:03 Nov 2015 09:38
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:19

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