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Antioxidant Activity of Curcumin and Neem (Azadirachta indica) Powders: Combination Studies with ALA Using MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells

Cheung, T, Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam and Owusu-Apenten, Richard (2016) Antioxidant Activity of Curcumin and Neem (Azadirachta indica) Powders: Combination Studies with ALA Using MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 4 (3). pp. 1-12. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/JALSI/2016/22273

DOI: doi:10.9734/JALSI/2016/22273

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women globally. The essential fatty acid α-Linolenic acid (ALA) and its oxidation products inhibit cancer cell proliferation. The effect of natural antioxidants on ALA anticancer effects has not been well characterized. Aims: To assess the effect of curcumin and neem leaf powder extract, on ALA cytotoxicity activity towards MCF-7 breast cancers.Study Design: In-vitro testing.Methodology: Antioxidant activity of neem extract and curcumin were evaluated using, four assays: Total phenolic content, Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay or 2, 2′-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) assay. Cytotoxicity activity was assessed using MCF7 cells grown in DMEM (+10% FBS) and evaluated using Sulforhodamine B colorimetric assay for cell cytotoxicity.Results: Curcumin and neem leaf extract had significant antioxidant power, and values varied between the four assays. Treatments of MCF7 cells with ALA, (0-500 µM) curcumin (0-50 µM), and neem leaf extract (0-88 µM) individually produced a concentration-dependent decrease in MCF-7 cell viability. Combination treatments using ALA with curcumin and ALA with neem were significantly less effective compared to individual treatments.Conclusion: Combinations studies indicate that the natural antioxidants curcumin and neem reduce the inhibitory effect of α-Linolenic acid towards MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Antioxidant; total phenols; curcumin, neem (Azadirachta indica), linolenic acid; MCF-7 cell; anticancer.
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:33006
Deposited By: Dr Richard Owusu-Apenten
Deposited On:28 Jan 2016 12:08
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:20

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