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Evidence for a unique PTSD construct represented by PTSD's D1–D3 symptoms

Elhai, Jon D., Biehn, Tracey L., Armour, Cherie, Klopper, Jessica J., Frueh, B. Christopher and Palmieri, Patrick A. (2011) Evidence for a unique PTSD construct represented by PTSD's D1–D3 symptoms. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25 (3). pp. 340-345. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.10.007

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.10.007

Abstract

Two models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have received the most empirical support in con-firmatory factor analytic studies: King, Leskin, King, and Weathers’ (1998) Emotional Numbing model ofreexperiencing, avoidance, emotional numbing and hyperarousal; and Simms, Watson, and Doebbeling’s(2002) Dysphoria model of reexperiencing, avoidance, dysphoria and hyperarousal. These models onlydiffer in placement of three PTSD symptoms: sleep problems (D1), irritability (D2), and concentrationproblems (D3). In the present study, we recruited 252 women victims of domestic violence and testedwhether there is empirical support to separate these three PTSD symptoms into a fifth factor, while retainingthe Emotional Numbing and Dysphoria models’ remaining four factors. Confirmatory factor analyticfindings demonstrated that separating the three symptoms into a separate factor significantly enhancedmodel fit for the Emotional Numbing and Dysphoria models. These three symptoms may represent aunique latent construct. Implications are discussed.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Posttraumatic stress disorder, Confirmatory factor analysis, Emotional trauma, Domestic violence
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33091
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:26 Jan 2016 12:04
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:20

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