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Personality Trait Level and Change as Predictors of Health Outcomes: Findings From a National Study of Americans (MIDUS)

Turiano, N. A., Pitzer, L., Armour, Cherie, Karlamangla, A., Ryff, C. D. and Mroczek, D. K. (2012) Personality Trait Level and Change as Predictors of Health Outcomes: Findings From a National Study of Americans (MIDUS). The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67B (1). pp. 4-12. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbr072

DOI: doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr072

Abstract

Objectives.Personality traits predict numerous health outcomes, but previous studies have rarely used personality change to predict health.Methods.The current investigation utilized a large national sample of 3,990 participants from the Midlife in the U.S. study (MIDUS) to examine if both personality trait level and personality change longitudinally predict 3 different health outcomes (i.e., self-rated physical health, self-reported blood pressure, and number of days limited at work or home due to physical health reasons) over a 10-year span.Results.Each of the Big Five traits, except openness, predicted self-rated health. Change in agreeableness, conscientiousness, and extraversion also predicted self-rated health. Trait levels of conscientiousness and neuroticism level predicted self-reported blood pressure. All trait levels except agreeableness predicted number of work days limited. Only change in conscientiousness predicted the number of work days limited.Discussion.Findings demonstrate that a full understanding of the link between personality and health requires consideration of trait change as well as trait level.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Health, Longitudinal change, Personality
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33093
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:08 Mar 2016 16:28
Last Modified:08 Mar 2016 16:28

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