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Predicting criminality from child maltreatment typologies and posttraumatic stress symptoms

Elklit, Ask, Karstoft, Karen-Inge, Armour, Cherie, Feddern, Dagmar and Christoffersen, Mogens (2013) Predicting criminality from child maltreatment typologies and posttraumatic stress symptoms. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4 . [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.19825

DOI: doi:10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.19825

Abstract

BackgroundThe associations between childhood abuse and subsequent criminality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well known. However, a major limitation of research related to childhood abuse and its effects is the focus on one particular type of abuse at the expense of others. Recent work has established that childhood abuse rarely occurs as a unidimensional phenomenon. Therefore, a number of studies have investigated the existence of abuse typologies.MethodsThe study is based on a Danish stratified random probability survey including 2980 interviews of 24-year-old people. The sample was constructed to include an oversampling of child protection cases. Building on a previous latent class analysis of four types of childhood maltreatment, three maltreatment typologies were used in the current analyses. A criminality scale was constructed based on seven types of criminal behavior. PTSD symptoms were assessed by the PC-PTSD Screen.ResultsSignificant differences were found between the two genders with males reporting heightened rates of criminality. Furthermore, all three maltreatment typologies were associated with criminal behavior with odds ratios (ORs) from 2.90 to 5.32. Female gender had an OR of 0.53 and possible PTSD an OR of 1.84.ConclusionThe independent association of participants at risk for PTSD and three types of maltreatment with criminality should be studied to determine if it can be replicated, and considered in social policy and prevention and rehabilitation interventions.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Childhood maltreatment, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder, latent classes, criminal behavior, national representative study
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33097
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:08 Mar 2016 16:28
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:20

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