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Assessing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder’s Latent Structure in Elderly Bereaved European Trauma Survivors

Armour, Cherie, O’Connor, Maja, Elklit, Ask and Elhai, Jon D. (2013) Assessing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder’s Latent Structure in Elderly Bereaved European Trauma Survivors. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201 (10). pp. 901-906. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182a5befb

DOI: doi:10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182a5befb

Abstract

Abstract: The three-factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, is not supported in the empirical literature. Two alternative four-factor models have received a wealth of empirical support. However, a consensus regarding which is superior has not been reached. A recent five-factor model has been shown to provide superior fit over the existing four-factor models. The present study investigated the fit of the five-factor model against the existing four-factor models and assessed the resultant factors’ association with depression in a bereaved European trauma sample (N = 325). The participants were assessed for PTSD via the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and depression via the Beck Depression Inventory. The five-factor model provided superior fit to the data compared with the existing four-factor models. In the dysphoric arousal model, depression was equally related to both dysphoric arousal and emotional numbing, whereas depression was more related to dysphoric arousal than to anxious arousal.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Posttraumatic stress disorder, confirmatory factor analysis, bereavement, dysphoric arousal, anxious arousal
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33104
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:08 Mar 2016 16:28
Last Modified:08 Mar 2016 16:28

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