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The mediating role of anger in the relationship between PTSD symptoms and impulsivity.

Contractor, Ateka A., Armour, Cherie, Wang, Xin, Forbes, David and Elhai, Jon D. (2015) The mediating role of anger in the relationship between PTSD symptoms and impulsivity. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 7 (2). pp. 138-145. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0037112

DOI: doi:10.1037/a0037112

Abstract

Research indicates a significant relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anger (Olatunji, Ciesielski, & Tolin, 2010; Orth & Wieland, 2006). Individuals may seek urgent coping to deal with the distress of anger, which is a mobilizing and action-oriented emotion (Novaco & Chemtob, 2002); possibly in the form of impulsive actions consistent with impulsivity’s association with anger (Milligan & Waller, 2001; Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). This could be 1 of the explanations for the relationship between PTSD and impulsivity (Kotler, Julian, Efront, & Amir, 2001; Ledgerwood & Petry, 2006). The present study assessed the mediating role of anger between PTSD (overall scores and subscales of arousal and negative alterations in mood/cognitions) and impulsivity, using gender as a covariate of impulsivity. The PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), Dimensions of Anger Reaction scale-5, and the UPPS Impulsivity Scale were administered to a sample of 244 undergraduate students with a trauma history. Results based on 1000 bootstrapped samples indicated significant direct effects of PTSD (overall and 2 subscales) on anger, of anger on impulsivity, and of PTSD (overall and 2 subscales) on impulsivity. Further, anger significantly mediated the relationship between PTSD (overall and 2 subscales) and impulsivity, consistent with the hypothesized models. Results suggest that impulsivity aims at coping with distressing anger, possibly explaining the presence of substance usage, and other impulsive behaviors in people with PTSD. Further, anger probably serves as a mobilizing and action-oriented emotion coupled with PTSD symptoms.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Posttraumatic stress disorder, Anger, Impulsivity, Mediation, Structural equation modeling
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33113
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:16 Feb 2016 16:38
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:20

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