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The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure

Karstoft, Karen-Inge, Armour, Cherie, Elklit, Ask and Solomon, Zahava (2015) The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 32 . pp. 89-94. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.03.007

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.03.007

Abstract

While longitudinal posttraumatic stress responses are known to be heterogeneous, little is known about predictors of those responses. We investigated if locus of control (LOC) and coping style are associated with long-term PTSD-trajectories after exposure to combat. Six hundred and seventy five Israeli soldiers with or without combat stress reaction (CSR) from the Lebanon war were assessed 1, 2, and 20 years after the war. Combat exposure, LOC, and coping style were then investigated as covariates of the trajectories of resilience, recovery, delayed onset, and chronicity. Symptomatic trajectories in the CSR and the non-CSR group were significantly associated to varying degrees with perceived life threat during combat (ORs: 1.76–2.53), internal LOC (0.77–0.87), emotional coping style (0.28–0.34), and low use of problem-focused coping (2.12–3.11). In conclusion, assessment of LOC and coping can aid prediction of chronic PTSD outcomes of combat exposure.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Trauma; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Combat; Coping; Locus of control; Veterans
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:33137
Deposited By: Prof Cherie Armour
Deposited On:08 Mar 2016 16:30
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:21

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