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Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe

Masselink, G., Castelle, B., Scott, T., Dodet, G., Suanez, S., Jackson, D.W.T. and Floc’h, F. (2016) Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 . pp. 2135-2143. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067492

Abstract

Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sealevel rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:extreme wave activity winter Atlantic storms
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Geography and Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Environmental Sciences Research Institute > Coastal Systems
Environmental Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:34654
Deposited By: Professor Derek Jackson
Deposited On:07 Jun 2016 14:10
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:23

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