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The Challenges and Psychological Impact of Delivering Nursing Care within a War Zone

Finnegan, A, Lauder, B and McKenna, HP (2016) The Challenges and Psychological Impact of Delivering Nursing Care within a War Zone. Nursing Outlook, 64 (5). pp. 450-458. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029655416300677

DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2016.05.005

Abstract

Background: Between 2001 and 2014, British military nurses served in Afghanistan caring for both service personnel and local nationals of all ages. However, there have been few research studies assessing the psychological impact of delivering nursing care in a war zone hospital.Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the challenges and psychological stressors facing military nurses in undertaking their operational role.Methods: A constructivist grounded theory was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 British Armed Forces nurses at Camp Bastion Hospital, Afghanistan, in June to July 2013.Discussion: Military nurses faced prolonged periods of caring for seriously injured polytrauma casualties of all ages, and there were associated distressing psychological effects and prolonged periods of adjustment on returning home. Caring for children was a particular concern. The factors that caused stress, bothon deployment and returning home, along with measures to address these issues such as time for rest and exercise, can change rapidly in response to the dynamic flux in clinical intensity common within the deployable environment.Conclusion: Clinical training, a good command structure, the requirement for rest, recuperation, exercise, and diet were important in reducing psychological stress within a war zone. No formal debriefingmodel was advocated for clinical staff who appear to want to discuss traumatic incidents as a group, and this may havecontributed to stigma and nurses feeling isolated. On returning home, military nurses reported being disconnected from the civilian wards and departments. The study raised the question of who cares for the carers, as participants reported a perception that others felt that they should be able to cope without any emotional issues. It is envisioned that the results are transferable internationally to nurses from other armed forces and will raise awareness with civilian colleagues.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Military Nursing / British Army / Defence Nursing / Qualitative Research / Grounded Theory / Afghanistan / Psychological Stressors / Futility
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Nursing
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Managing Chronic Illness Research Centre
ID Code:34782
Deposited By: Barbara Wilson (Admin)
Deposited On:28 Feb 2017 09:37
Last Modified:25 May 2017 10:09

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