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Gold nanoparticle modified screen-printed carbon arrays for the simultaneous electrochemical analysis of lead and copper in water

Kanyong, Prosper, Rawlinson, Sean and Davis, James (2016) Gold nanoparticle modified screen-printed carbon arrays for the simultaneous electrochemical analysis of lead and copper in water. Microchimica Acta, 183 (8). pp. 2361-2368. [Journal article]

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URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-016-1879-3

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-016-1879-3

Abstract

The development of disposable screen-printed carbon arrays modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is described. The AuNP-modified screen-printed carbon arrays, designated as AuNP-SPCE arrays, were characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The AuNP-SPCE display excellent electrocatalytic activity towards lead and copper. Two well-defined and fully resolved anodic stripping peaks, at 20 mV for Pb(II) and at 370 mV for Cu(II), both vs. Ag/AgCl, can be seen. Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry was used to simultaneously analyze Pb (II) and Cu(II) in their binary mixtures in tap water. The linear working range for Pb(II) extends from 10 μg.L-1 to 100 μg.L-1 with a sensitivity of 5.942 μA.μg-1.L.cm-2. The respective data for Cu(II) are a working range from 10 μg.L-1 to 150 μg.L-1 with a sensitivity of 3.52 μA.μg-1.L.cm-2. The limits of detection (based on 3x the baseline noise) are 2.1 ng.L-1 and 1.4 ng.L-1, respectively. In our perception, this array is particularly attractive because Pb(II) and Cu(II) can be determined at rather low working potentials which makes the method fairly selective in that it is not significantly interfered by other electroactive species that require higher reduction potentials.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Nanomaterial-based sensing, Screen-printed electrode, Heavy metal analysis, Disposable sensor, Hexacyanoferrate, Cyclic voltammetry, Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Electrode coverage, Dual sensing
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:34946
Deposited By: Dr Prosper Kanyong
Deposited On:19 Aug 2016 13:56
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:24

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