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Novel biomaterials: plasma-enabled nanostructures and functions

Levchenko, Igor, Keidar, Michael, Cvelbar, Uroš, Mariotti, D, Mai-Prochnow, Anne, Fang, Jinghua and Ostrikov, Kostya (Ken) (2016) Novel biomaterials: plasma-enabled nanostructures and functions. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 49 (27). pp. 1-16. [Journal article]

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URL: http://stacks.iop.org/0022-3727/49/i=27/a=273001

DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/49/27/273001

Abstract

Material processing techniques utilizing low-temperature plasmas as the main process tool feature many unique capabilities for the fabrication of various nanostructured materials. As compared with the neutral-gas based techniques and methods, the plasma-based approaches offer higher levels of energy and flux controllability, often leading to higher quality of the fabricated nanomaterials and sometimes to the synthesis of the hierarchical materials with interesting properties. Among others, nanoscale biomaterials attract significant attention due to their special properties towards the biological materials (proteins, enzymes), living cells and tissues. This review briefly examines various approaches based on the use of low-temperature plasma environments to fabricate nanoscale biomaterials exhibiting high biological activity, biological inertness for drug delivery system, and other features of the biomaterials make them highly attractive. In particular, we briefly discuss the plasma-assisted fabrication of gold and silicon nanoparticles for bio-applications; carbon nanoparticles for bioimaging and cancer therapy; carbon nanotube-based platforms for enzyme production and bacteria growth control, and other applications of low-temperature plasmas in the production of biologically-active materials.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:nanoscale biomaterials, low-temperature plasma, nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, proteins
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:35077
Deposited By: Professor Davide Mariotti
Deposited On:19 Aug 2016 14:35
Last Modified:06 Sep 2017 15:30

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