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Estimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in healthy adults

Cashman, Kevin D., Hill, Tom R., Lucey, Alice J., Taylor, Nicola, Seamans, Kelly M., Muldowney, Siobhan, FitzGerald, Anthony P., Flynn, Albert, Barnes, Maria S., Horigan, Geraldine, Bonham, Maxine P., Duffy, Emeir, Strain, JJ, Wallace, Julie and Kiely, Mairead (2008) Estimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in healthy adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88 (6). pp. 1535-1542. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.2008.26594


Background: Knowledge gaps have contributed to considerable variation among international dietary recommendations for vitamin D. Objective: We aimed to establish the distribution of dietary vitamin D required to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] concentrations above several proposed cutoffs (ie, 25, 37.5, 50, and 80 nmol/L) during wintertime after adjustment for the effect of summer sunshine exposure and diet. Design: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind 22-wk intervention study was conducted in men and women aged 20-40 y (n = 238) by using different supplemental doses (0, 5, 10, and 15 mu g/d) of vitamin D 3 throughout the winter. Serum 25(OH) D concentrations were measured by using enzyme-linked immunoassay at baseline (October 2006) and endpoint (March 2007). Results: There were clear dose-related increments (P < 0.0001) in serum 25(OH) D with increasing supplemental vitamin D-3. The slope of the relation between vitamin D intake and serum 25(OH) D was 1.96 nmol.L-1.mu g(-1) intake. The vitamin D intake that maintained serum 25(OH) D concentrations of >25 nmol/L in 97.5% of the sample was 8.7 mu g/d. This intake ranged from 7.2 mu g/d in those who enjoyed sunshine exposure, 8.8 mu g/d in those who sometimes had sun exposure, and 12.3 mu g/d in those who avoided sunshine. Vitamin D intakes required to maintain serum 25(OH) D concentrations of >37.5, >50, and >80 nmol/L in 97.5% of the sample were 19.9, 28.0, and 41.1 mu g/d, respectively. Conclusion: The range of vitamin D intakes required to ensure maintenance of wintertime vitamin D status [as defined by incremental cutoffs of serum 25(OH) D] in the vast majority (>97.5%) of 20-40-y-old adults, considering a variety of sun exposure preferences, is between 7.2 and 41.1 mu g/d. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88: 1535-42.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:3557
Deposited By: Dr Julie Wallace
Deposited On:15 Dec 2009 14:52
Last Modified:08 Feb 2016 16:48

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