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Metal-catalysed steam reforming of ethanol in the production of hydrogen for fuel cell applications

Breen, J.P, Burch, R and Coleman, Heather (2002) Metal-catalysed steam reforming of ethanol in the production of hydrogen for fuel cell applications. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 39 (1). pp. 65-74. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(02)00075-9

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0926-3373(02)00075-9

Abstract

A range of oxide-supported metal catalysts have been investigated for the steam reforming of ethanol/water mixtures for the production of hydrogen. Alumina-supported catalysts are very active at lower temperatures for the dehydration of ethanol to ethene which, at higher temperatures, is converted into H2, CO, and CO2 as the major products and CH4 as a minor product. The order of activity of the metals is Rh>Pd>Ni=Pt. With ceria/zirconia-supported catalysts, the formation of ethene is not observed and the order of activity at higher temperatures is Pt≥Rh>Pd. By using combinations of a ceria/zirconia-supported metal catalyst with the alumina support it is shown that the formation of ethene does not inhibit the steam reforming reaction at higher temperatures. It is concluded that the support plays a significant role in the steam reforming of ethanol.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Fuel cell; Steam reforming; Metal catalyst
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:35719
Deposited By: Dr Heather Coleman
Deposited On:08 Sep 2016 08:21
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:25

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