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Mental Health and Well-Being in Sport:A Pilot Educational Programme for Clubs

Breslin, Gavin, Kearney, Ciaran and Haughey, Tandy (2015) Mental Health and Well-Being in Sport:A Pilot Educational Programme for Clubs. Sport Northern Ireland. 32 pp. [Research report (external)]

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URL: http://www.sportni.net/sportni/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Mental-Health_Wellbeing-inSport-Final-Research-Report.pdf

Abstract

Background: The World Health Organisation (2011) estimate that millions of people across the world experience mental health problems, with one in four experiencing a mental illness at some point in their lives. Purpose: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour (Ajzen, 1985) to evaluate the effects of the mental health training programme on sports coaches’ perceptions of mental health stigma and knowledge of mental health problems. Method: A sample of adult coaches (n=135) from a variety of sports was recruited by convenience sampling from those attending the ‘Mood Matters’ pilot programme. Questionnaires were distributed at the beginning and end of the three hour training session. Changes in mental health knowledge, social stigma, and intended behaviour towards mental health were measured using the Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS) and Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS). Other emas Focus group and interviews were conducted with a subsample of participants who received the training Results: When asked to rate their current knowledge of mental health the mean score was 2.1, following the intervention this increased to 2.84. (Wilcoxon, Z= -7.77 p<.001). A total score for the MAKS was computed for knowledge of mental health based on questions 1-6. The highest score that could have been achieved was 30. The scores increased from baseline (M=22.94, SD =3.12) to post intervention (M=25.45, SD =2.46) (t= -8.54, df=117, p<.01) showing the intervention had an effect on increasing knowledge of mental health in this sample. The second component of MAKS is the knowledge of the types of mental illness. Post intervention the participants where more knowledgeable of depression, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. There were no changes in understanding of stress, drug addiction or grief. Questions 5-8 of the RIBS were summed to indicate whether participants would be willing to help someone with a mental health problem in the future. The pre-test RIBS score (M=17.78, SD=2.6) increased after the training (M=18.67 SD=2.5) (t= -3.46, df=116, p<.01). The focus group findings supported the views of the survey and provided recommendations for further delivery of a mental health educational programme to sports clubs in the future. Conclusions: These findings correspond with the Theory of Planned Behaviour that sharing knowledge can improve attitudes and intended behaviours towards mental health help seeking, even within a short 3 hour intervention. These findings have implications for developing the Mood Matters programme and the broader question of how sporting bodies and sport coaches might approach designing mental health education in sport.

Item Type:Research report (external)
Keywords:Mental health and wellbeing, athletes, sport psychology, behaviour change
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:35757
Deposited By: Dr Gavin Breslin
Deposited On:06 Sep 2016 08:30
Last Modified:06 Sep 2016 08:30

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