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Biological markers as an outcome measure of exercise in cancer rehabilitation: A systematic review

McDermott, Lauri, Murphy, Marie, McNeilly, AM, Rankin, Jane and Gracey, Jackie (2016) Biological markers as an outcome measure of exercise in cancer rehabilitation: A systematic review. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, online . [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.cancerjournal.net/preprintarticle.asp?id=191036;type=0

Abstract

The number of people living with and beyond cancer is at an all time high. These survivors are not necessarily living well, as adverseside effects from cancer and its treatment can last up to 5 years and leave patients at a higher risk of developing secondary cancersand other chronic illnesses. Exercise has been proven to be a safe and effective method of intervention to decrease mortality andoverall improve health outcomes. The biological mechanism through which this occurs is an area of research that is in its infancy andnot well defined. A systematic search was conducted of four databases for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) publishedbetween January 2004 and December 2014. Studies had to include any blood/urine biological markers as an outcome measure toa physical activity intervention for cancer survivors posttreatment. Fifteen relevant articles were identified (12 RCTs). It was shownthat randomized controlled trials of exercise for cancer survivors posttreatment may results in changes to circulating levels of insulin,insulin related pathways (insulin like growth factor II [IGF II], IGF binding protein 3), high density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, leptin,and osteocalcin. Due to small sample sizes, the evidence is still preliminary and therefore more research is warranted in this areain the form of larger, statistically powered RCTs for cancer survivors.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Biomarkers, cancer rehabilitation, cancer survivorship, exercise, physical activity
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Centre for Health and Rehabilitation Technologies
Institute of Nursing and Health Research
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Physical Activity and Health
ID Code:36152
Deposited By: Professor Marie Murphy
Deposited On:28 Nov 2016 11:35
Last Modified:10 Jul 2018 13:17

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