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Capability of 19-L polycarbonate plastic water cooler containers for efficient solar water disinfection (SODIS): Field case studies in India, Bahrain and Spain

Keogh, M.B., Castro-Alférez, M., Polo-López, M.I., Fernández Calderero, I., Al-Eryani, Y.A., Joseph-Titus, C., Sawant, B., Dhodapkar, R., Mathur, C., McGuigan, K.G. and Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar (2015) Capability of 19-L polycarbonate plastic water cooler containers for efficient solar water disinfection (SODIS): Field case studies in India, Bahrain and Spain. Solar Energy, 116 . pp. 1-11. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2015.03.035

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.solener.2015.03.035

Abstract

The small treated volume (typically �2 L) associated with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles that are most frequently used in solar water disinfection (SODIS), is a major obstacle to uptake of this water treatment technology in resource-poor environments. In order to address this problem we have conducted a series of experiments in Spain, Bahrain and India, to assess the efficacy of large volume (19 L) transparent plastic (polycarbonate) water cooler/dispenser containers (WDCs) as SODIS reactors to inactivate Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis, under strong natural sunlight. Reduction values of 6 log10 units (LRV = 6.0) have been observed using WDCs in each location. Additional comparisons between 2-L PET bottles and 19-L indicate that WDCs provide bacterial inactivation similar in both systems. SODIS disinfection experiments in turbid water (100 NTU) in both reactors showed very good inactivation efficiency. LRVs of 6 were obtained for E. coli in both WDC and 2-L PET bottles, and in the case of E. faecalis LRV = 5 and 6 were observed in Spain and Bahrain, respectively. These studies demonstrate that under conditions of strong sunlight and mild temperature, 19 L water dispenser containers can be used to provide adequate volumes of SODIS treated water for households or larger community applications such as schools or clinics in the developing world.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:SODIS; PET bottle; Water dispenser container; E. coli; E. faecalis
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:36779
Deposited By: Dr Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez
Deposited On:15 Feb 2017 13:59
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:27

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