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Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems

Fuster, Beatrice, Houssin-Agbomson, Deborah, Jallais, Simon, Vyazmina, Elena, Dang-Nhu, Guy, Bernard-Michel, Gilles, Kuznetsov, Mike, Molkov, Vladimir, Chernyavskiy, Boris, Shentsov, Volodymyr, Makarov, Dmitriy, Dey, Randy, Hooker, Philip, Baraldi, Daniele, Weidner, Evelyn, Melideo, Daniele, Palmisano, Valerio, Venetsanos, Alexandros and Der Kinderen, Jan (2017) Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (11). pp. 7600-7607. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319916306309

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266

Abstract

Hydrogen energy applications often require that systems are used indoors (e.g., industrial trucks for materials handling in a warehouse facility, fuel cells located in a room, or hydrogen stored and distributed from a gas cabinet). It may also be necessary or desirable to locate some hydrogen system components/equipment inside indoor or outdoor enclosures for security or safety reasons, to isolate them from the end-user and the public, or from weather conditions. Using of hydrogen in confined environments requires detailed assessments of hazards and associated risks, including potential risk prevention and mitigation features. The release of hydrogen can potentially lead to the accumulation of hydrogen and the formation of a flammable hydrogen-air mixture, or can result in jet-fires. Within Hyindoor European Project, carried out for the EU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking safety design guidelines and engineering tools have been developed to prevent andmitigate hazardous consequences of hydrogen release in confined environments. Three main areas are considered: Hydrogen release conditions and accumulation, vented deflagrations, jet fires and including under-ventilated flame regimes (e.g., extinguishment or oscillating flames and steady burns). Potential RCS recommendations are also identified.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Hydrogen Indoor use Risk mitigation RCS
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Hydrogen Safety Engineering and Research Centre (HySAFER)
ID Code:36879
Deposited By: Mr Volodymyr Shentsov
Deposited On:14 Feb 2017 09:11
Last Modified:29 May 2017 13:05

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