Ulster University Logo

Invisible Diaspora? English Ethnicity in the United States before 1920

MacRaild, Donald, Bueltmann, Tanja and Gleeson, David T. (2014) Invisible Diaspora? English Ethnicity in the United States before 1920. Journal of American Ethnic History, 33 (4). pp. 5-30. [Journal article]

This is the latest version of this item.

[img] Text - Accepted Version
Indefinitely restricted to Repository staff only.



This article explores the hidden or relatively overlooked English ethnicity, and tries establish some of the reasons for this academic amnesia. We recognize that immigrant ethnicity, where it exists, can be found in multiple locations. Not all of it is institutional, structural, or formal. As extensive work on British immigrant letters has highlighted, English migrants often expressed feelings of ethnicity just as deep as their Scottish and Welsh compatriots in their letters home. While the English showed little of the public ethnicity associated with the Irish on St. Patrick’s Day or the Scots with their marching pipe bands, they did introduce and maintain elements of their culture in the United States. Shrove Tuesday and May Day were celebrated by English immigrants in the nineteenth century before they became part of an Anglo-American culture. Cricket, rugby, pubs, beer, and types of food, eaten in particular ways, were part of this outwardly English way of life—the sports, for example, being played by the English throughout their places of settlement. Whilst acknowledging these layers and the scope for wide expressions of Englishness, we focus on ethnic associations since they afford the possibility to explore varieties of ethnic behaviour through relatively rich records.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:English emigration, diaspora, migration, ethnicity, USA.
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Arts > School of English and History
Faculty of Arts
Research Institutes and Groups:Arts and Humanities Research Institute > History
Arts and Humanities Research Institute
ID Code:37016
Deposited By: Professor Donald MacRaild
Deposited On:21 Feb 2017 10:59
Last Modified:21 Feb 2017 10:59

Available Versions of this Item

Repository Staff Only: item control page