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A systematic review of the impact of sport-based interventions on the psychological well-being of people in prison

Woods, David, Breslin, Gavin and Hassan, David (2017) A systematic review of the impact of sport-based interventions on the psychological well-being of people in prison. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 12 (27). pp. 50-61. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.mhpa.2017.02.003

Abstract

Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to review the impact of sport-based interventions (SBI) on the psychological well-being of people in prison. Secondary aims were to identify whether psychological theory of health behaviour change was included in the design and evaluation of interventions, and the inclusion of additional non-sporting components.Methods: A textual narrative synthesis followed a systematic search of six databases, based on PRISMA guidelines, and conducted during April 2016. Inclusion criteria were people in prison, aged 15 or over, involved in a facilitated SBI. The outcome was impact on psychological well-being and all study designs were considered. Search results were reduced from 10,749 studies, to 14 (nine quantitative and five qualitative) after screening.Results: Interventions lasted from six weeks to nine months, with nine being multi-component. A positive affect on psychological well-being or related variable was reported in twelve studies. However, there were inconsistencies in measurement, a lack of baseline data and limited follow-up. Health behaviour change theories were a notable omission across the interventions.Conclusions: SBIs display a positive trend toward beneficial impact on psychological well-being within prisons. However, future studies should aim to address identified measurement inconsistencies and weak research design, and also include psychological change theory in their design. This will better enable practitioners and researchers alike to identify the key psychological mechanisms impacted and how, subsequently implementing SBIs with increased understanding and confidence in their contribu- tion to prisoner psychological well-being.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Mental health. Sport, Psychology, Prison,
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sport in Society
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:37103
Deposited By: Professor David Hassan
Deposited On:15 Mar 2017 12:27
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:28

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