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How hedge woody species diversity and habitat change is a function of land use history and recent management in a European agricultural landscape

McCann, Thomas, Cooper, Alan, Rogers, David and McKenzie, Paul (2017) How hedge woody species diversity and habitat change is a function of land use history and recent management in a European agricultural landscape. Journal of Environmental Management, 196 . pp. 692-701. [Journal article]

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URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.066

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.066

Abstract

European hedged agricultural landscapes provide a range of ecosystem services and are an important component of cultural and biodiversity heritage. This paper investigates the extent of hedges, their woody species diversity (including the influence of historical versus recent hedge origin) and dynamics of change. The rationale is to contribute to an ecological basis for hedge habitat management. Sample sites were allocated based on a multivariate classification of landscape attributes. All field boundaries present in each site were mapped and surveyed in 1998 and 2007. To assess diversity, a list of all woody species was recorded in one standard 30 m linear plot within each hedge. There was a net decrease in hedge habitat extent, mainly as a result of removal, and changes between hedges and other field boundary types due to the development and loss of shrub growth-form. Agricultural intensification, increased rural building, and variation in hedge management practices were the main drivers of change. Hedges surveyed at baseline, which were lost at resurvey, were more species rich than new hedges gained. Hedges coinciding with historical land unit boundaries of likely Early Medieval origin were found to be more species rich. The most frequent woody species in hedges were native, including a high proportion with Fraxinus excelsior, a species under threat from current and emerging plant pests and pathogens. Introduced species were present in circa 30% of hedges. We conclude that since hedge habitat distribution and woody species diversity is a function of ecology and anthropogenic factors, the management of hedges in enclosed agricultural landscapes requires an integrated approach.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Hedge; Woody species; Species diversity; Introduced species; Ecosystem services; Landscape history
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Geography and Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Environmental Sciences Research Institute
Environmental Sciences Research Institute > Human Environments
ID Code:37749
Deposited By: Dr Paul McKenzie
Deposited On:25 Jul 2017 14:29
Last Modified:05 Oct 2017 08:52

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