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Psychosocial interventions for problem alcohol use in primary care settings (PINTA): Baseline Feasibility Data

Klimas, J, Henihan, AM, McCombe, G, Swan, D, Anderson, R, Bury, G, Dunne, C, Keenan, E, Saunders, J, Shorter, Gillian W., Smyth, BP and Cullen, W (2015) Psychosocial interventions for problem alcohol use in primary care settings (PINTA): Baseline Feasibility Data. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 11 . pp. 97-106. [Journal article]

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Abstract

Objective: Many individuals receiving methadone maintenance receive their treatment through their primary care provider. As many also drink alcohol excessively, there is a need to address alcohol use to improve health outcomes for these individuals. We examined problem alcohol use and its treatment among people attending primary care for methadone maintenance treatment, using baseline data from a feasibility study of an evidence-based complex intervention to improve care. Methods: Data on addiction care processes were collected by (1) reviewing clinical records (n = 129) of people who attended 16 general practices for methadone maintenance treatmentand(2)administeringstructuredquestionnairestobothpatients(n=106)andgeneralpractitioners(GPs)(n=15).Results: Clinical records indicated that 24 patients (19%) were screened for problem alcohol use in the 12 months prior to data collection, with problem alcohol use identified in 14 (58% of those screened, 11% of the full sample). Of those who had positive screening results for problem alcohol use, five received a brief intervention by a GP and none were referred to specialist treatment. Scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) revealed the prevalence of hazardous, harmful, and dependent drinking to be 25% (n=26), 6% (n=6), and 16% (n=17), respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the proportion of patients with negative AUDITs was 0.038 (SE =0.01). The ICCs for screening, brief intervention, and/or referral to treatment (SBIRT) were 0.16 (SE=0.014),−0.06 (SE=0.017), and 0.22 (SE=0.026), respectively. Only 12 (11.3%) AUDIT questionnaires concurred with corresponding clinical records that a patient had any/no problem alcohol use. Regular use of primary care was evident, as 25% had visited their GP more than 12 times during the past 3 months. Conclusions: Comparing clinical records with patients’ experience of SBIRT can shed light on the process of care. Alcohol screening in people who attend primary care for substance use treatment is not routinely conducted. Interventions that enhance the care of problem alcohol use among this high-risk group are a priority

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:alcohol, SBIRT, opioids, agonist treatment, methadone, family medicine, implementation
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Psychotraumatology, Mental Health & Suicidal Behaviour
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:37755
Deposited By: Dr Gillian Shorter
Deposited On:11 May 2017 08:30
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:29

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