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Integration of Membrane Distillation with solar photo-Fenton for purification of water contaminated with Bacillus sp. and Clostridium sp. spores

Ruiz-Aguirre, A., Polo-López, M.I., Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar and Zaragoza, G. (2017) Integration of Membrane Distillation with solar photo-Fenton for purification of water contaminated with Bacillus sp. and Clostridium sp. spores. Science of The Total Environment, 595 . pp. 110-118. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.238

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.238


Although Membrane Distillation (MD) has been extensively studied for desalination, it has other applications like removing all kinds of solutes from water and concentrating non-volatile substances. MD offers the possibility of producing a clean stream while concentrating valuable compounds from waste streams towards their recovery, or emerging contaminants and pathogens present in wastewater in order to facilitate their chemical elimination. This paper analyses the elimination of bacterial spores from contaminated water with MD and the role of MD in the subsequent treatment of the concentrate with photo-Fenton process. The experiments were performed at Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA) using a plate and frame bench module with a Permeate Gap Membrane Dis- tillation (PGMD) configuration. Tests were done for two different kinds of spores in two different water matrixes: distilled water with 3.5 wt% of sea salts contaminated with spores of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) and wastewater after a secondary treatment and still contaminated with Clostridium sp. spores. An analysis of the permeate was performed in all cases to determine its purity, as well as the concentrated stream and its further treatment in order to assess the benefits of using MD. Results showed a permeate free of spores in all the cases, demonstrating the viability of MD to treat biological contaminated wastewater for further use in agriculture. Moreover, the re- sults obtained after treating the concentrate with photo-Fenton showed a shorter treatment time for the reduc- tion of the spore concentration in the water than that when only photo-Fenton was used.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Membrane distillation; Advanced wastewater treatment Disinfection; Solar photo-Fenton; B. subtitles spores; Clostridium sp. spores
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:37874
Deposited By: Dr Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez
Deposited On:16 May 2017 09:15
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:29

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