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Fire protection of light and massive timber elements using gypsum plasterboards and wood based panels: A large-scale compartment fire test

Kolaitis, Dionysios, Asimakopoulou, Eleni and Founti, Maria (2014) Fire protection of light and massive timber elements using gypsum plasterboards and wood based panels: A large-scale compartment fire test. Construction and Building Materials, 73 . pp. 163-170. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950061814010435

DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.09.027

Abstract

A full-scale compartment fire test was performed to assess gypsum plasterboards and wood based panels as cladding materials for the fire protection of light and massive timber elements. The test compartment was constructed using both the timber frame and the cross laminated timber techniques; a wood crib was used to achieve realistic fire conditions. Temperature measurements and optical inspection evidence suggested that gypsum plasterboards offered adequate fire protection since they did not fail and no charring was observed in the timber elements. A free standing wall inside the test compartment, protected by wood-based panels, partially collapsed. Measured values of characteristic failure times, such as time to failure of fire protection cladding and time to onset of charring, were compared to relevant Eurocode correlations, achieving good levels of agreement. The obtained set of measurements, describing the time evolution of a large variety of physical parameters, such as gas and wall layer temperatures, can be used for validation of relevant advanced fire simulation tools.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Timber frame; Cross laminated timber; CLT; Gypsum plasterboard; Wood based panels; Fire protection; Timber construction; Compartment fire test
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Fire Safety and Engineering Research and Technology Centre (FireSERT)
ID Code:37968
Deposited By: Dr Eleni Asimakopoulou
Deposited On:29 May 2017 09:35
Last Modified:17 Oct 2017 16:30

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