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Evacuation Response Behaviour in Unannounced Evacuation of Licensed Premises

Boyce, Karen, McConnell, Nigel and Shields, Jim (2017) Evacuation Response Behaviour in Unannounced Evacuation of Licensed Premises. Fire and Materials, NA . [Journal article]

[img] Text - Accepted Version

URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-1018

DOI: 10.1002/fam.2430


An understanding of the behaviour of individuals and groups during evacuation is key to thedevelopment of evacuation scenarios as part of an engineering design solution. Furthermore,it is important that engineers have reliable and accurate data on pre-evacuation times andmovement for use in time based evacuation analysis. This paper presents, for the first time inthe published literature, a detailed analysis of an unannounced evacuation of licensedpremises and provides important data and understanding regarding behaviour for use in firesafety engineering design and evacuation modelling. Findings on recognition times, responsebehaviours, pre-evacuation times and final exit flows for a function room and lounge bar inthe licenced property are provided. The results suggest that the evacuation time in the loungebar was characterised by generally longer pre-evacuation times and relatively shortermovement times, whereas the evacuation time in the more densely populated function roomwas characterised by shorter pre-evacuation times but extended flow times. The paperhighlights important design and management issues with respect to the evacuation of personsunder the influence of alcohol and considers the impact of staff intervention through directedvoice communications. The variation in response behaviours between the two separate areasof the premises are highlighted and discussed.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:evacuation, nightclub, alcohol, response behaviour, bar/nightclub, engineering data
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Fire Safety and Engineering Research and Technology Centre (FireSERT)
ID Code:38411
Deposited By: Dr Karen Boyce
Deposited On:10 Aug 2017 10:29
Last Modified:07 Jun 2018 22:23

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