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Social isolation and psychosis-like experiences: A UK general population analysis

Butter, Sarah, Murphy, Jamie, Mark, Shevlin and Houston, James (2017) Social isolation and psychosis-like experiences: A UK general population analysis. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, Online . pp. 1-10. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1080/17522439.2017.1349829

Abstract

Background: Social isolation is a complex construct characterised by both objective and perceived components and has been commonly identified as a risk factor for psychosis-like experiences (PLEs). Few studies, however, have modelled the association between social isolation and PLEs in the general population.Method: Data from a UK general population survey (N = 7403) were analysed using latent class analysis to identify distinct groups of individuals characterised by the same profile of social isolation. Six objective and perceived indicators of social isolation (e.g. living alone; feeling socially isolated and lonely) were modelled. Associations between classes and PLEs were analysed using multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.Results: Three classes were identified: an isolated and lonely class (Class 1), a no communication or close relationships class (Class 2) and a baseline class (Class 3). Compared to the baseline class, Class 1 was significantly more likely to endorse thought interference (OR = 2.0) and paranoia (OR = 3.3), while Class 2 was significantly more likely to endorse paranoia (OR = 8.6) and hallucinations (OR = 1.9).Conclusions: Social isolation in the general population seems to vary between two distinct groups. PLEs, in turn, seem to vary depending on the nature of this isolation.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Epidemiology, hallucinations, delusions, social isolation, latent class analysis
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:38722
Deposited By: Dr Jamie Murphy
Deposited On:03 Oct 2017 08:51
Last Modified:25 Jul 2018 22:23

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