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Total Phenols, Antioxidant Capacity and Antibacterial Activity of Manuka Honey Extract

Chau, Tsz Ching, Owusu-Apenten, Richard and Nigam, P (2017) Total Phenols, Antioxidant Capacity and Antibacterial Activity of Manuka Honey Extract. Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology, 15 (4). [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.9734/JABB/2017/37101

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate total phenols content (TPC), antioxidant capacity (TAC) and antibacterial activityof Manuka honey extract (MHE) and to compare such properties with those for unfractionatedManuka honey.Study Design: In vitro study.Place and Duration of Study: School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.Between September 2016 and September 2017.Methodology: MHE was prepared by solvent extraction using ethyl acetate. TPC was determinedby Folin-Ciocalteu assay. The iron (III) reducing antioxidant capacity (IRAC) method was used todetermine TAC. Antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay and 96-well microtiter plate methods with absorbance measured at 600 nm.Results: The TPC for MHE was 30-fold higher than the value for Manuka honey (33420 ± 1685 mgvs. 1018 ± 78 mg GAE/kg) while TAC values were ~100-times greater (83,198 ± 7064 vs. 793 ± 104 TEAC, respectively). Antibacterial activity assessed by disc diffusion for Manuka honey (18.5mm on S. aureus and 20 mm on E. coli) was two times greater than for MHE (9mm for both S. aureus and E. coli). The 96-well microtiter plate assay confirmed the greater antibacterial activity for Manuka honey compared to equal concentrations MHE.Conclusion: A polyphenol-rich Manuka honey extract with a high total antioxidant capacity, showedlittle or no antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus in contrast with unfractionated Manukahoney.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Manuka honey; manuka extract; total phenols; antioxidant; antibacterial
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
ID Code:38932
Deposited By: Dr Richard Owusu-Apenten
Deposited On:14 Nov 2017 09:38
Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 09:38

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