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A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey

Mark, Shevlin, Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Bisson, J., Makhashvili, N., Javakhishvili, J., Shpiker, M. and Roberts, B. (2017) A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 137 (2). pp. 138-147. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12840

DOI: 10.1111/acps.12840

Abstract

Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the WorldHealth Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumaticstress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 andICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disabilityassociated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representativesample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSDprevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the InternationalTrauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using theGeneralized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression.Disability was measured using the WHO Disability AssessmentSchedule 2.0.Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using bothcriteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability andcomorbidity.Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited toidentifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); DSM-5; ICD-11; Depression; Anxiety; Internally displaced persons.
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute > Population Health Sciences and Mental Health Services
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:39134
Deposited By: Professor Mark Shevlin
Deposited On:18 Jan 2018 17:22
Last Modified:05 Dec 2018 23:23

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