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A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults

Gray, Phillip, Murphy, Marie, Gallagher, Alison and Simpson, Ellen EA (2018) A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23 (1). pp. 208-224. [Journal article]

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URL: http://psychsource.bps.org.uk/details/journalArticle/10716726/A-qualitative-investigation-of-physical-activity-compensation-among-older-adults.html

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12282

Abstract

ObjectivesThis study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention.DesignA post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed.MethodsLevels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention. Those who reduced their NEPA by 10% or greater were considered as compensators. Interviews were conducted with older adult compensators (mean age = 58.56 ± 3.88 years; n = 9), employing thematic analysis to identify potential mechanisms of PA compensation.ResultsThe findings suggest that the majority of participants were unaware that they had compensated in their PA, suggesting that this may be a non-volitional process. Most participants perceived PA compensation to hold negative implications for health and well-being. Physiological processes of fatigue and delayed onset of muscle soreness were cited as the principal cause of PA compensation, whereas psychological processes including a drive to be inactive, fear of overexertion, deficient motivation, and perceived time constraints were cited to a lesser extent.ConclusionA range of physiological and psychological compensatory barriers were identified. Implications of and methods to overcome these compensatory barriers are discussed.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Physical activity, older adults, physical activity guidelines
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Sport
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Health, Education and Well-being
Psychology Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Physical Activity and Health
ID Code:39236
Deposited By: Dr Liz Simpson
Deposited On:02 Jan 2018 12:00
Last Modified:26 Jan 2018 12:31

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